Quantum computers are very cool, in the literal sense of the word. Most quantum computers can only operate at temperatures close to absolute zero, or −273.15 °C. Now researchers in Australia report that they have found a workaround to make quantum computers work in slightly less extreme temperatures.
The new discovery saves a lot of work and money for those working with quantum computers. Normally much effort is needed to keep the machines cold enough to function – requiring a lot of money and much maintenance. But now it looks like things are about to change.
Professor Dzurak, lead researcher at UNSW Sydney says: “Our new results open a path from experimental devices to affordable quantum computers for real world business and government applications.”
Image credit: UNSW Sydney
The “proof-of-concept quantum processor unit cell, on a silicon chip” is said to work at 1.5 Kelvin – which might not sound so impressive as it's still far from a ‘humane' temperature. However, it's 15 times warmer than the equivalents being developed by Google, IBM, and others, which uses superconducting qubits.
“This is still very cold, but is a temperature that can be achieved using just a few thousand dollars’ worth of refrigeration, rather than the millions of dollars needed to cool chips to 0.1 Kelvin,” explains Dzurak.
There are still many more hurdles to overcome before quantum computers can become wide-spread and used in more practical situations. But at least now the number of hurdles has been reduced slightly, thanks to a research team at UNSW Sydney
The research team explains the breakthrough more in depth in a paper published in the journal Nature HERE.
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KitGuru says: It's always exciting to hear news about progress being made relating to quantum computers. Hopefully the many obstacles on the way to practical quantum computers will be removed one at a time. When do you think we can start to see quantum computers popping up in our day-to-day lives?