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Cooler Master V Series 700W (V700) PSU Review

Additional technical assistance: Peter McFarland and Jeremy Price.

Correctly testing power supplies is a complex procedure and KitGuru have configured a test bench which can deliver up to a 2,000 watt DC load. Due to public requests we have changed our temperature settings recently – previously we rated with ambient temperatures at 25C, we have increased ambient temperatures by 10c (to 35c) in our environment to greater reflect warmer internal chassis conditions.

We use combinations of the following hardware:
• SunMoon SM-268
• CSI3710A Programmable DC load (+3.3V and +5V outputs)
• CSI3711A Programmable DC load (+12V1, +12V2, +12V3, and +12V4)
• Extech Power Analyzer
• Extech MultiMaster MM570 digital multimeter
• Extech digital sound level meter
• Digital oscilloscope (20M S/s with 12 Bit ADC)
• Variable Autotransformer, 1.4 KVA

DC Output Load Regulation

Combined

DC Load

+3.3V
+5V
+12V
+5VSB
-12V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A V
174W
3.27
3.33
3.25
5.05
11.55
12.05
0.76
5.03
0.12 -12.03
352W
7.55
3.33
7.55
5.04
23.08
12.04
1.52
5.03
0.25 -12.03
525W
11.27
3.33
11.29
5.03
34.53
12.02
2.26
5.02
0.37 -12.04
700W
15.05
3.32
15.05
5.02
46.64
12.01
3.02
5.01
0.50 -12.04

The Cooler Master V Series 700W delivers excellent regulation with very little droop on any of the rails. They all hold steady with very minimal fluctuation, even at full load.

Cooler Master V Series 700W PSU Maximum Load
844W

We managed to squeeze 844W from the PSU before it would shut down safely. That is a very healthy output above the rated 700W.

Next we want to try Cross Loading. This basically means loads which are not balanced. If a PC for instance needs 500W on the +12V outputs but something like 30W via the combined 3.3V and +5V outputs then the voltage regulation can fluctuate badly.

Combined DC Load +3.3V +5V +12V -12V +5VSB
A V A V A V A V A V
590W 1.0 3.33 1.0 5.05 48.0 11.99 0.2 -12.02 0.5 5.02
190W 18.2 3.31 20.1 4.99 2.0 12.05 0.2 -12.01 0.5 5.00

Cross load results are class leading as we would expect from the KM3 platform. All rails held close to nominal values, regardless of the demand.

We then used an oscilloscope to measure AC ripple and noise present on the DC outputs. We set the oscilloscope time base to check for AC ripple at both high and low ends of the spectrum.

ATX12V V2.2 specification for DC output ripple and noise is defined in the ATX 12V power supply design guide.

ATX12V Ver 2.2 Noise/Ripple Tolerance
Output
Ripple (mV p-p)
+3.3V
50
+5V
50
+12V1
120
+12V2
120
-12V
120
+5VSB
50

Obviously when measuring AC noise and ripple on the DC outputs the cleaner (less recorded) means we have a better end result. We measured this AC signal amplitude to see how closely the unit complied with the ATX standard.

AC Ripple (mV p-p)
DC Load +3.3V +5V +12V 5VSB
174W 10 5 15 10
352W 10 10 20 15
525W 15 20 25 15
700W 15 20 30 15

Ripple suppression is also excellent, with the +3.3V and +5V output peaking at 15mV and 20mV respectively. The +12V output peaks at 30mV which is well within the rated industry tolerance parameters. Fantastic results.

Efficiency (%)
174W
87.75
352W
92.35
525W
91.45
700W
89.24

Efficiency is excellent, peaking over 92 percent at 50 percent load. At full load this drops to just over 89 percent efficiency.

We take the issue of noise very seriously at KitGuru and this is why we have built a special home brew system as a reference point when we test noise levels of various components. Why do this? Well this means we can eliminate secondary noise pollution in the test room and concentrate on components we are testing. It also brings us slightly closer to industry standards, such as DIN 45635.

Today to test the power supply we have taken it into our acoustics room environment and have set our Digital Sound Level Noise Decibel Meter Style 2 one meter away from the unit. We have no other fans running so we can effectively measure just the noise from the unit itself.

As this can be a little confusing for people, here are various dBa ratings in with real world situations to help describe the various levels.

KitGuru noise guide
10dBA – Normal Breathing/Rustling Leaves
20-25dBA – Whisper
30dBA – High Quality Computer fan
40dBA – A Bubbling Brook, or a Refridgerator
50dBA – Normal Conversation
60dBA – Laughter
70dBA – Vacuum Cleaner or Hairdryer
80dBA – City Traffic or a Garbage Disposal
90dBA – Motorcycle or Lawnmower
100dBA – MP3 Player at maximum output
110dBA – Orchestra
120dBA – Front row rock concert/Jet Engine
130dBA – Threshold of Pain
140dBA – Military Jet takeoff/Gunshot (close range)
160dBA – Instant Perforation of eardrum

Noise (dBA)
174W
<28.0
352W
<28.0
525W
30.8
700W
32.5

This is an exceptionally quiet power supply, not registering on our equipment until around 450W load is demanded. Even at full load it is barely audible which will prove popular with the demanding enthusiast audience.

Temperature (c)
Intake
Exhaust
174W
36
39
352W
38
44
525W
42
51
700W
47
57

The internal temperatures are maintained well, rising to a maximum 10c above ambient at full load in our test environment.

Maximum load
Efficiency
844W
86.1%

We measured the efficiency beyond the rated limits of the supply and recorded 86.1% at 834W. Its not a real world everyday rating, but interesting regardless.

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