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Enermax Revolution D.F. X 1050 PSU Review

Correctly testing power supplies is a complex procedure and KitGuru have configured a test bench which can deliver up to a 2,000 watt DC load.

We test ambient temperatures at 35c in our environment to greater reflect warmer internal chassis conditions.

We use combinations of the following hardware:
• SunMoon SM-268
• CSI3710A Programmable DC load (+3.3V and +5V outputs)
• CSI3711A Programmable DC load (+12V1, +12V2, +12V3, and +12V4)
• Extech Power Analyzer
• Extech MultiMaster MM570 digital multimeter
• SkyTronic DSL 2 Digital Sound Level Meter (6-130dBa)
• Digital oscilloscope (20M S/s with 12 Bit ADC)

• Variable Autotransformer, 1.4 KVA

We test in a single +12V configuration.

DC Output Load Regulation

Combined

DC Load

+3.3V
+5V
+12V
+5VSB
-12V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A V
100W
0.90
3.33
0.90
5.05
7.35
12.07
0.50
5.01
0.20
-12.01
200W
1.60
3.32
1.64
5.05
15.13
12.06
1.00
5.01
0.20
-12.02
500W
3.21
3.32
3.24
5.03
38.60
12.04
1.50
5.01
0.20
-12.01
750W
4.03
3.32
4.17
5.03
58.53
12.01
2.00
5.01
0.30
-12.02
1050W
5.55
3.32
5.61
5.01
79.13
11.94
2.50
5.01
0.30
-12.01

The load regulation of this power supply is fairly decent across the board.

Enermax Revolution
D.F. X 1050
Maximum Load
1110W

The power supply managed to deliver 1110W before shutting down safely.

Next we want to try Cross Loading. This basically means loads which are not balanced. If a PC for instance needs 500W on the +12V outputs but something like 30W via the combined 3.3V and +5V outputs then the voltage regulation can fluctuate badly.

Cross Load Testing +3.3V +5V +12V -12V +5VSB
A V A V A V A V A V
885W 2.0 3.33 2.0 5.04 72.0 11.95 0.2 -12.00 0.50 5.01
240W 20.0 3.29 23.0 4.98 2.0 12.06 0.2 -12.00 0.50 5.01

The D.F. X 1050W handled our cross load test very well, holding stable results across the range.

We then used an oscilloscope to measure AC ripple and noise present on the DC outputs. We set the oscilloscope time base to check for AC ripple at both high and low ends of the spectrum. ATX12V V2.2 specification for DC output ripple and noise is defined in the ATX 12V power supply design guide.

ATX12V Ver 2.2 Noise/Ripple Tolerance
Output
Ripple (mV p-p)
+3.3V
50
+5V
50
+12V1
120
+12V2
120
-12V
120
+5VSB
50

Obviously when measuring AC noise and ripple on the DC outputs, the cleaner (less recorded) means we have a better end result. We measured this AC signal amplitude to see how closely the unit complied with the ATX standard.

AC Ripple (mV p-p)
DC Load +3.3V +5V +12V 5VSB
100W 5 10 10 5
250W 10 10 15 5
500W 10 15 20 10
750W 15 15 25 10
1050W 15 20 35 10

Ripple noise suppression is really good on both primary and secondary rails.

Efficiency (%)
100W
89.2
250W
90.3
500W
92.2
750W
91.6
1050W
89.6

The efficiency results are excellent, peaking at 92.3% at around 50% load. This drops to around 89.6% efficiency at full load. These are solid results for an 80 Plus Gold rated unit.

We take the issue of noise very seriously at KitGuru and this is why we have built a special home brew system as a reference point when we test noise levels of various components. Why do this? Well this means we can eliminate secondary noise pollution in the test room and concentrate on components we are testing. It also brings us slightly closer to industry standards, such as DIN 45635.

Today to test the Power Supply we have taken it into our acoustics room environment and have set our SkyTronic DSL 2 Digital Sound Level Meter (6-130dBa) one meter away from the unit. We have no other fans running so we can effectively measure just the noise from the unit itself.

As this can be a little confusing for people, here are various dBa ratings in with real world situations to help describe the various levels.

KitGuru noise guide

10dBA – Normal Breathing/Rustling Leaves
20-25dBA – Whisper
30dBA – High Quality Computer fan
40dBA – A Bubbling Brook, or a Refrigerator
50dBA – Normal Conversation
60dBA – Laughter
70dBA – Vacuum Cleaner or Hairdryer
80dBA – City Traffic or a Garbage Disposal
90dBA – Motorcycle or Lawnmower
100dBA – MP3 Player at maximum output
110dBA – Orchestra
120dBA – Front row rock concert/Jet Engine
130dBA – Threshold of Pain
140dBA – Military Jet takeoff/Gunshot (close range)
160dBA – Instant Perforation of eardrum

Noise (dBA)
100W
<28.0
250W
<28.0
500W
32.5
750W
35.6
1050W 37.9

The fan remained very quiet in our test environment, becoming audible at around a 600 Watt load, but never intrusive. The fan ramped up quickly after a 750 Watt load was demanded from it, then hitting a peak around 38dBa at full load.

Temperature (c)
Intake
Exhaust
100W
37
42
250W
38
46
500W
40
54
750W
45
57
1050W
46
61

The large fan spins up quickly in the last 400 Watt of load output, ensuring good airflow across the components.

Maximum load
Efficiency
1110W
89.0

Pushing the PSU well above its rated limits generates an efficiency of around 89%. Not really practical, but interesting nonetheless.

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