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Enermax Revolution D.F. 12 850W PSU Review

Correctly testing power supplies is a complex procedure and KitGuru have configured a test bench which can deliver up to a 2,000 watt DC load. We run at 35c in our environment to greater reflect warmer internal chassis conditions.

We use combinations of the following hardware:
• SunMoon SM-268
• CSI3710A Programmable DC load (+3.3V and +5V outputs)
• CSI3711A Programmable DC load (+12V1, +12V2, +12V3, and +12V4)
• Extech Power Analyzer
• Extech MultiMaster MM570 digital multimeter
• Extech digital sound level meter
• Digital oscilloscope (20M S/s with 12 Bit ADC)
• Variable Autotransformer, 1.4 KVA

We test in a single +12V configuration.

DC Output Load Regulation

Combined

DC Load

+3.3V
+5V
+12V
+5VSB
-12V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A V
85W
0.95
3.31
0.92
5.01
6.00
12.10
0.50
5.01
0.20 -12.02
170W
1.70
3.31
1.67
5.01
12.35
12.08
1.00
5.01
0.20 -12.02
425W
3.00
3.31
3.05
5.01
32.20
12.07
1.50
5.01
0.30 -12.01
640W 4.05 3.31 4.05 4.99 49.00 12.07 2.00 5.01 0.30 -12.01
850W
5.00
3.31
5.23
4.98
65.52
12.07
2.50
5.01
0.50 -12.01

Load regulation is tight on 12V.

Enermax Revolution D.F. 12 850W Maximum Load
912W

We managed to get the power supply to deliver 912W before it would shut down, delivering around 62W more than rated specifications.

Next we want to try Cross Loading. This basically means loads which are not balanced. If a PC for instance needs 500W on the +12V outputs but something like 30W via the combined 3.3V and +5V outputs then the voltage regulation can fluctuate badly.

Cross Load Testing +3.3V +5V +12V -12V +5VSB
A V A V A V A V A V
760W 1.0 3.31 1.0 5.03 60.0 12.06 0.2 -12.03 0.50 5.01
165W 15.0 3.28 18.0 4.93 2.0 12.10 0.2 -12.02 0.50 5.00

The power supply dealt with the demanding cross load test without any major concerns.

We then used an oscilloscope to measure AC ripple and noise present on the DC outputs. We set the oscilloscope time base to check for AC ripple at both high and low ends of the spectrum.

ATX12V V2.2 specification for DC output ripple and noise is defined in the ATX 12V power supply design guide.

ATX12V Ver 2.2 Noise/Ripple Tolerance
Output
Ripple (mV p-p)
+3.3V
50
+5V
50
+12V1
120
+12V2
120
-12V
120
+5VSB
50

Obviously when measuring AC noise and ripple on the DC outputs the cleaner (less recorded) means we have a better end result. We measured this AC signal amplitude to see how closely the unit complied with the ATX standard.

AC Ripple (mV p-p)
DC Load +3.3V +5V +12V 5VSB
100W 5 10 10 10
225W 5 10 15 10
450W 10 10 15 10
675W 15 15 20 15
850W 15 15 25 20

Noise suppression is good across +3.3V, +5V and +12V rails. All of these are well within industry rated parameters.

Efficiency (%) 240V
100W
89.6
225W
92.4
450W
93.4
675W
92.4
850W 90.5

Efficiency results from this D.F. 12 power supply are very good – peaking at 93.5% between 40% and 60% load.

We take the issue of noise very seriously at KitGuru and this is why we have built a special home brew system as a reference point when we test noise levels of various components. Why do this? Well this means we can eliminate secondary noise pollution in the test room and concentrate on components we are testing. It also brings us slightly closer to industry standards, such as DIN 45635.

Today to test the power supply we have taken it into our acoustics room environment and have set our Digital Sound Level Noise Decibel Meter Style 2 one meter away from the unit. We have no other fans running so we can effectively measure just the noise from the unit itself.

As this can be a little confusing for people, here are various dBa ratings in with real world situations to help describe the various levels.

KitGuru noise guide

10dBA – Normal Breathing/Rustling Leaves
20-25dBA – Whisper
30dBA – High Quality Computer fan
40dBA – A Bubbling Brook, or a Refrigerator
50dBA – Normal Conversation
60dBA – Laughter
70dBA – Vacuum Cleaner or Hairdryer
80dBA – City Traffic or a Garbage Disposal
90dBA – Motorcycle or Lawnmower
100dBA – MP3 Player at maximum output
110dBA – Orchestra
120dBA – Front row rock concert/Jet Engine
130dBA – Threshold of Pain
140dBA – Military Jet takeoff/Gunshot (close range)
160dBA – Instant Perforation of eardrum

Noise (dBA)
100W
<28.0
225W
31.4
450W
33.6
675W
36.5
850W 37.4

The fan in this unit does not stay inactive for long, spinning up quickly and clearly audible over 500 Watts load. At full load the fan is easily heard and somewhat intrusive.

Temperature (c)
Intake
Exhaust
100W
37
44
225W
38
47
450W
39
50
675W
43
58
850W
45
62

The unit gets hotter as the load rises, peaking at 62C in our tests. As we mentioned earlier in the review, this is all contained inside a very small chassis. There is always a downside to this, and in this case that is noise and cooling performance.

Maximum load
Efficiency
912 watts
89.9

At 912 Watts, this unit managed to deliver efficiency at 89.9%.

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