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Seasonic Prime Titanium Fanless 600W PSU Review

Additional technical assistance: Peter McFarland and Jeremy Price.

Correctly testing power supplies is a complex procedure and KitGuru have configured a test bench which can deliver up to a 2,000 watt DC load. Due to public requests we have changed our temperature settings recently – previously we rated with ambient temperatures at 25C, we have increased ambient temperatures by 10c (to 35c) in our environment to greater reflect warmer internal chassis conditions.

We use combinations of the following hardware:

• SunMoon SM-268
• CSI3710A Programmable DC load (+3.3V and +5V outputs)
• CSI3711A Programmable DC load (+12V1, +12V2, +12V3, and +12V4)
• Extech Power Analyzer
• Extech MultiMaster MM570 digital multimeter
• SkyTronic DSL 2 Digital Sound Level Meter (6-130dBa)
• Digital oscilloscope (20M S/s with 12 Bit ADC)
• Variable Autotransformer, 1.4 KVA

DC Output Load Regulation

Combined

DC Load

+3.3V
+5V
+12V
+5VSB
-12V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A V
75W
0.92
3.34
0.95
5.01
3.90
12.07
0.50
5.01
0.20
-12.03
150W
1.60
3.34
1.60
5.01
8.20
12.06
1.00
5.00
0.20
-12.03
300W
3.02
3.33
3.10
5.01
21.94
12.06
1.50
5.00
0.20
-12.03
450W
4.15
3.33
4.10
5.01
33.56
12.03
2.00
5.00
0.30
-12.03
600W
5.16
3.33
5.30
5.00
45.26
12.01
2.50
4.99
0.30
-12.02

Load regulation is class leading – the +3.3V and +5V rails hold within 1% and the +12V rail holds within 2%.

Seasonic Prime Titanium Fanless 600W Maximum Load
667W

We managed to get 667W out of the power supply before it shut down.

Next we want to try Cross Loading. This basically means loads which are not balanced. If a PC for instance needs 500W on the +12V outputs but something like 30W via the combined 3.3V and +5V outputs then the voltage regulation can fluctuate badly.

Cross Load Testing +3.3V +5V +12V -12V +5VSB
A V A V A V A V A V
590W 1.0 3.34 1.0 5.01 46.0 11.99 0.2 -12.01 0.50 5.00
145W 12.0 3.32 15.0 4.99 2.0 12.07 0.2 -12.01 0.50 5.01

This power supply has no problems passing the cross load tests with flying colours.

We then used an oscilloscope to measure AC ripple and noise present on the DC outputs. We set the oscilloscope time base to check for AC ripple at both high and low ends of the spectrum. ATX12V V2.2 specification for DC output ripple and noise is defined in the ATX 12V power supply design guide.

ATX12V Ver 2.2 Noise/Ripple Tolerance
Output
Ripple (mV p-p)
+3.3V
50
+5V
50
+12V1
120
+12V2
120
-12V
120
+5VSB
50

Obviously when measuring AC noise and ripple on the DC outputs the cleaner (less recorded) means we have a better end result. We measured this AC signal amplitude to see how closely the unit complied with the ATX standard.

AC Ripple (mV p-p)
DC Load +3.3V +5V +12V 5VSB
75W 5 5 5 5
150W 5 5 5 5
300W 5 5 10 5
450W 5 5 10 5
600W 5
10 15 5

Ripple suppression is stellar, maintaining a position within the top couple of percent of units we have tested in the last 2 years.

Efficiency (%) 230V
75W
92.35
150W
94.45
300W
96.12
450W
94.69
600W
93.46

Efficiency peaks at just over 96 percent at 50% load, which is a fantastic result. At full load the efficiency drops to 93.46 % which is again, very impressive.

We take the issue of noise very seriously at KitGuru and this is why we have built a special home brew system as a reference point when we test noise levels of various components. Why do this? Well this means we can eliminate secondary noise pollution in the test room and concentrate on components we are testing. It also brings us slightly closer to industry standards, such as DIN 45635.

Today to test the Power Supply we have taken it into our acoustics room environment and have set our SkyTronic DSL 2 Digital Sound Level Meter (6-130dBa) one meter away from the unit. We have no other fans running so we can effectively measure just the noise from the unit itself.

As this can be a little confusing for people, here are various dBa ratings in with real world situations to help describe the various levels.

KitGuru noise guide
10dBA – Normal Breathing/Rustling Leaves
20-25dBA – Whisper
30dBA – High Quality Computer fan
40dBA – A Bubbling Brook, or a Refrigerator
50dBA – Normal Conversation
60dBA – Laughter
70dBA – Vacuum Cleaner or Hairdryer
80dBA – City Traffic or a Garbage Disposal
90dBA – Motorcycle or Lawnmower
100dBA – MP3 Player at maximum output
110dBA – Orchestra
120dBA – Front row rock concert/Jet Engine
130dBA – Threshold of Pain
140dBA – Military Jet takeoff/Gunshot (close range)
160dBA – Instant Perforation of eardrum

Noise (dBA)
75W
<28.0
150W
<28.0
300W
<28.0
450W
<28.0
600W <28.0

The graph above gets me excited – almost the same experience I had watching Gal Gadot in Wonder Woman a few weeks ago. Both are quite beautiful in their own individual way.

Temperature (c)
Intake
Exhaust
75W
35
43
150W
35
49
300W
37
55
450W
41
62
600W
44
69

As this is passively cooled the temperatures are a little higher than most of the units we have reviewed in recent months. Still perfectly fine however.

Maximum load
Efficiency
667W
92.4

At 667 watts, the efficiency rating drops to 92.4%. Not a realistic situation to be running at all the time but interesting nonetheless.

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