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Seasonic Prime 750W Titanium Power Supply Review

Correctly testing power supplies is a complex procedure and KitGuru have configured a test bench which can deliver up to a 2,000 watt DC load. Due to public requests we have changed our temperature settings recently – previously we rated with ambient temperatures at 25C, we have increased ambient temperatures by 10c (to 35c) in our environment to greater reflect warmer internal chassis conditions.

We use combinations of the following hardware:
• SunMoon SM-268
• CSI3710A Programmable DC load (+3.3V and +5V outputs)
• CSI3711A Programmable DC load (+12V1, +12V2, +12V3, and +12V4)
• Extech Power Analyzer
• Extech MultiMaster MM570 digital multimeter
• Extech digital sound level meter
• Digital oscilloscope (20M S/s with 12 Bit ADC)
• Variable Autotransformer, 1.4 KVA

We test with the +12V in single rail mode.

DC Output Load Regulation

Combined

DC Load

+3.3V
+5V
+12V
+5VSB
-12V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A V
75W
1.23
3.34
1.19
5.02
4.95
12.04
0.50
5.02
0.20
-12.03
150W
2.17
3.34
2.83
5.02
10.07
12.04
1.00
5.02
0.30
-12.03
375W
6.15
3.33
6.05
5.01
26.15
12.03
1.50
5.01
0.50
-12.02
565W
10.31
3.33
10.86
5.01
38.34
12.02
2.00
5.01
0.60
-12.02
750W
10.72
3.33
13.84
5.00
53.59
12.01
3.00
5.00
0.80
-12.02

Load regulation is fantastic, holding tight and well within 1%.

Seasonic Prime 750W Titanium
Maximum Load
902W

We managed to reach around 902W before the unit would shut down gracefully, after the protection kicked in. This is a full 150watts more than the unit is officially rated. An exceptional result.

Next we want to try Cross Loading. This basically means loads which are not balanced. If a PC for instance needs 500W on the +12V outputs but something like 30W via the combined 3.3V and +5V outputs then the voltage regulation can fluctuate badly.

Cross Load Testing +3.3V +5V +12V -12V +5VSB
A V A V A V A V A V
734W 1.0 3.34 1.0 5.01 60.0 12.03 0.2 -12.02 0.50 5.01
154W 15.0 3.33 15.0 5.01 2.0 12.04 0.2 -12.02 0.50 5.01

The unit passes our Cross Load testing with flying colours. When hit with 60 Amps the unit holds steady at 12.03 Volts.

We then used an oscilloscope to measure AC ripple and noise present on the DC outputs. We set the oscilloscope time base to check for AC ripple at both high and low ends of the spectrum.

ATX12V V2.2 specification for DC output ripple and noise is defined in the ATX 12V power supply design guide.

ATX12V Ver 2.2 Noise/Ripple Tolerance
Output
Ripple (mV p-p)
+3.3V
50
+5V
50
+12V1
120
+12V2
120
-12V
120
+5VSB
50

Obviously when measuring AC noise and ripple on the DC outputs the cleaner (less recorded) means we have a better end result. We measured this AC signal amplitude to see how closely the unit complied with the ATX standard.

AC Ripple (mV p-p)
DC Load +3.3V +5V +12V 5VSB
75W 5 5 5 5
150W 5 5 10 5
375W 5 5 10 5
565W 5 10 15 5
750W 5 10 15 5

These really are exceptional results. The +3.3V and +5V output peak at 5mV and 10mV respectively under full load. The +12V rail peaks at 15mV under full load conditions.

Efficiency (%)
75W
91.98
150W
92.88
375W
95.78
565W
93.75
750W
93.22

Power efficiency rates as excellent, hitting a peak over 95.7% at 50% load. At full load it drops to 93.2%, another stellar result.

We take the issue of noise very seriously at KitGuru and this is why we have built a special home brew system as a reference point when we test noise levels of various components. Why do this? Well this means we can eliminate secondary noise pollution in the test room and concentrate on components we are testing. It also brings us slightly closer to industry standards, such as DIN 45635.

Today to test the power supply we have taken it into our acoustics room environment and have set our Digital Sound Level Noise Decibel Meter Style 2 one meter away from the unit. We have no other fans running so we can effectively measure just the noise from the unit itself.

As this can be a little confusing for people, here are various dBa ratings in with real world situations to help describe the various levels.

KitGuru noise guide
10dBA – Normal Breathing/Rustling Leaves
20-25dBA – Whisper
30dBA – High Quality Computer fan
40dBA – A Bubbling Brook, or a Refrigerator
50dBA – Normal Conversation
60dBA – Laughter
70dBA – Vacuum Cleaner or Hairdryer
80dBA – City Traffic or a Garbage Disposal
90dBA – Motorcycle or Lawnmower
100dBA – MP3 Player at maximum output
110dBA – Orchestra
120dBA – Front row rock concert/Jet Engine
130dBA – Threshold of Pain
140dBA – Military Jet takeoff/Gunshot (close range)
160dBA – Instant Perforation of eardrum

Noise (dBA)
75W
<28.0
150W
<28.0
375W
29.7
565W
32.4
750W 33.2

The large fan in the Prime 750W spins relatively slowly, even under heavy load situations. It is only audible really when the load exceeds 650 watts, but it is never that intrusive due to the relatively low pitch of the fan.

Temperature (c)
Intake
Exhaust
75W
36
38
150W
38
40
375W
39
43
565W
45
50
750W
47
57

The high levels of efficiency of this unit help reduce expelled heat. At full load we measured a +10c variable.

Maximum load
Efficiency
902W
92.3

For those interested, we measured efficiency when stressing the unit to breaking point. 92.3 percent efficiency at 902W … hardly practical, but interesting regardless.

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