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Kolink Enclave 80 Plus Gold 700W PSU Review

Correctly testing power supplies is a complex procedure and KitGuru have configured a test bench which can deliver up to a 2,000 watt DC load. Due to public requests we have changed our temperature settings recently – previously we rated with ambient temperatures at 25C, we have increased ambient temperatures by 10c (to 35c) in our environment to greater reflect warmer internal chassis conditions.

We use combinations of the following hardware:

• SunMoon SM-268
• CSI3710A Programmable DC load (+3.3V and +5V outputs)
• CSI3711A Programmable DC load (+12V1, +12V2, +12V3, and +12V4)
• Extech Power Analyzer
• Extech MultiMaster MM570 digital multimeter
• Extech digital sound level meter
• Digital oscilloscope (20M S/s with 12 Bit ADC)
• Variable Autotransformer, 1.4 KVA

DC Output Load Regulation

Combined

DC Load

+3.3V
+5V
+12V
+5VSB
-12V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A V
70W
0.90
3.34
0.85
5.02
4.80
12.04
0.50
5.01
0.20 -12.03
140W
1.60
3.34
1.60
5.02
9.90
12.03
1.00
5.01
0.20 -12.03
350W
2.90
3.34
2.98
5.01
26.60
12.02
1.50
5.01
0.30 -12.04
525W
4.00
3.33
4.00
5.00
41.15
11.98
2.00
5.01
0.30 -12.05
700W
5.10
3.32
5.11
4.99
54.00
11.94
2.50
5.00
0.30 -12.05

Load regulation seems quite good.

Kolink Enclave 80 Plus Gold 700W Maximum Load
734W

We managed to squeeze 734W from the power supply before it shut down safely.

Next we want to try Cross Loading. This basically means loads which are not balanced. If a PC for instance needs 500W on the +12V outputs but something like 30W via the combined 3.3V and +5V outputs then the voltage regulation can fluctuate badly.

Combined DC Load +3.3V +5V +12V -12V +5VSB
A V A V A V A V A V
590W 1.0 3.36 1.0 5.02 48.0 11.93 0.2 -12.02 0.5 5.02
190W 14.2 3.31 14.1 4.97 10.0 12.02 0.2 -12.03 0.5 5.01

Cross load results rate as reasonably good, with the +12V rail dropping from 12.02V to 11.93V when hit with 48A.

We then used an oscilloscope to measure AC ripple and noise present on the DC outputs. We set the oscilloscope time base to check for AC ripple at both high and low ends of the spectrum.

ATX12V V2.2 specification for DC output ripple and noise is defined in the ATX 12V power supply design guide.

ATX12V Ver 2.2 Noise/Ripple Tolerance
Output
Ripple (mV p-p)
+3.3V
50
+5V
50
+12V1
120
+12V2
120
-12V
120
+5VSB
50

Obviously when measuring AC noise and ripple on the DC outputs the cleaner (less recorded) means we have a better end result. We measured this AC signal amplitude to see how closely the unit complied with the ATX standard.

AC Ripple (mV p-p)
DC Load +3.3V +5V +12V 5VSB
174W 15 10 25 10
352W 20 10 40 10
525W 20 10 60 15
700W 25 15 70 15

The Kolink Enclave 700W model does not product class leading results, however all rails fall within the tolerance guidelines set out by the industry. At full load, we see 70mV via the +12V rail.

Efficiency (%) 240V
174W
88.86
352W
91.88
525W
90.57
700W
89.78

Efficiency is pretty good, peaking at 91.9% at around 50 percent load. At full load this drops to just under 90% efficiency. Pretty solid results for an 80 Plus Gold rated unit.

We take the issue of noise very seriously at KitGuru and this is why we have built a special home brew system as a reference point when we test noise levels of various components. Why do this? Well this means we can eliminate secondary noise pollution in the test room and concentrate on components we are testing. It also brings us slightly closer to industry standards, such as DIN 45635.

Today to test the power supply we have taken it into our acoustics room environment and have set our Digital Sound Level Noise Decibel Meter Style 2 one meter away from the unit. We have no other fans running so we can effectively measure just the noise from the unit itself.

As this can be a little confusing for people, here are various dBa ratings in with real world situations to help describe the various levels.

KitGuru noise guide
10dBA – Normal Breathing/Rustling Leaves
20-25dBA – Whisper
30dBA – High Quality Computer fan
40dBA – A Bubbling Brook, or a Refrigerator
50dBA – Normal Conversation
60dBA – Laughter
70dBA – Vacuum Cleaner or Hairdryer
80dBA – City Traffic or a Garbage Disposal
90dBA – Motorcycle or Lawnmower
100dBA – MP3 Player at maximum output
110dBA – Orchestra
120dBA – Front row rock concert/Jet Engine
130dBA – Threshold of Pain
140dBA – Military Jet takeoff/Gunshot (close range)
160dBA – Instant Perforation of eardrum

Noise (dBA)
174W
29.4
352W
31.2
525W
33.9
700W
36.8

The rifle bearing fan in this power supply isn’t too intrusive when powering a system around 400 watts. It becomes more audible in the last 150 watts of total power delivery. At close to full load it is clearly audible and rather intrusive.

Temperature (c)
Intake
Exhaust
174W
36
40
352W
38
49
525W
42
56
700W
47
62

At full load the exhaust temperatures rise to 62c – around 15c above intake.

Maximum load
Efficiency
734W
89.2

We measured the efficiency beyond the rated limits of the supply and recorded 89.2% at 734W. Its not a real world everyday rating, but interesting regardless.

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