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Riotoro 1200W Builder Edition PSU Review

Advanced Transient Response Tests

For details on our transient response testing, please click here.

These tests are crucial because they simulate the transient loads a PSU is likely to handle (such as booting a RAID array or an instant 100 percent load on CPU/GPUs). We call these “Advanced Transient Response Tests” and they are designed to be very tough to master, especially for a PSU with a capacity of less than 500W.

In all of the tests, we use an oscilloscope to measure the voltage drops caused by the transient load. The voltages should remain within the ATX specification’s regulation limits.

We should note that the ATX spec requires for capacitive loading during the transient rests, but in our methodology we chose to apply the worst case scenario with no extra capacitance on the rails.

Advanced Transient Response at 20 Percent – 200ms

Voltage Before After Change Pass/Fail
12V 12.067V 11.986V 0.67% Pass
5V 5.026V 4.943V 1.65% Pass
3.3V 3.330V 3.175V 4.65% Pass
5VSB 4.982V 4.929V 1.06% Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 20 Percent – 20ms

Voltage Before After Change Pass/Fail
12V 12.042V 11.919V 1.02% Pass
5V 5.025V 4.931V 1.87% Pass
3.3V 3.330V 3.152V 5.35% Pass
5VSB 4.981V 4.907V 1.49% Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 20 Percent – 1ms

Voltage Before After Change Pass/Fail
12V 12.037V 11.932V 0.87% Pass
5V 5.024V 4.932V 1.83% Pass
3.3V 3.330V 3.165V 4.95% Pass
5VSB 4.981V 4.903V 1.57% Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50 Percent – 200ms

Voltage Before After Change Pass/Fail
12V 12.030V 11.951V 0.66% Pass
5V 5.011V 4.926V 1.70% Pass
3.3V 3.321V 3.167V 4.64% Pass
5VSB 4.946V 4.895V 1.03% Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50 Percent – 20ms

Voltage Before After Change Pass/Fail
12V 12.025V 11.920V 0.87% Pass
5V 5.010V 4.917V 1.86% Pass
3.3V 3.321V 3.152V 5.09% Pass
5VSB 4.945V 4.870V 1.52% Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50 Percent – 1ms

Voltage Before After Change Pass/Fail
12V 12.022V 11.921V 0.84% Pass
5V 5.009V 4.934V 1.50% Pass
3.3V 3.321V 3.144V 5.33% Pass
5VSB 4.944V 4.896V 0.97% Pass

The unit’s transient response is quite good at +12V, with the deviations proving to be similar to the competition. The 5V rail has low voltage drops and the same applies to the 5VSB rail. Only the 3.3V rail performs poorly here, since besides high deviations it also drops its voltage below 3.2V in all tests.

Here are the oscilloscope screenshots we took during Advanced Transient Response Testing:

Transient Response At 20 Percent Load – 200ms

Transient Response At 20 Percent Load – 20ms

Transient Response At 20 Percent Load – 1ms

Transient Response At 50 Percent Load – 200ms

Transient Response At 50 Percent Load – 20ms

Transient Response At 50 Percent Load – 1ms

Turn-On Transient Tests

In the next set of tests, we measure the PR-GP1200FM’s response in simpler transient load scenarios—during its power-on phase.

For our first measurement, we turn the PSU off, dial in the maximum current the 5VSB rail can handle, and switch the PSU back on.

In the second test, we dial the maximum load the +12V rail can handle and start the PSU while it is in standby mode. In the last test, while the PSU is completely switched off (we cut off the power or switch the PSU off through its power switch), we dial the maximum load the +12V rail can handle before restoring power. The ATX specification states that recorded spikes on all rails should not exceed 10 percent of their nominal values (+10 percent for 12V is 13.2V, and 5.5 V for 5V).

Very good results here. We only notice a small spike during the last test, which is nothing to worry about.

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