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FSP Hydro G 750W Power Supply Review

Correctly testing power supplies is a complex procedure and KitGuru have configured a test bench which can deliver up to a 2,000 watt DC load. Due to public requests we have changed our temperature settings recently – previously we rated with ambient temperatures at 25C, we have increased ambient temperatures by 10c (to 35c) in our environment to greater reflect warmer internal chassis conditions.

We use combinations of the following hardware:
• SunMoon SM-268
• CSI3710A Programmable DC load (+3.3V and +5V outputs)
• CSI3711A Programmable DC load (+12V1, +12V2, +12V3, and +12V4)
• Extech Power Analyzer
• Extech MultiMaster MM570 digital multimeter
• Extech digital sound level meter
• Digital oscilloscope (20M S/s with 12 Bit ADC)
• Variable Autotransformer, 1.4 KVA

We test with the +12V in single rail mode.

DC Output Load Regulation

Combined

DC Load

+3.3V
+5V
+12V
+5VSB
-12V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A
V
A V
75W
1.24
3.34
1.19
5.03
4.95
12.04
0.50
5.02
0.20
-12.03
150W
2.16
3.34
2.83
5.03
10.07
12.03
1.00
5.02
0.30
-12.02
375W
6.17
3.33
6.06
5.02
26.17
12.03
1.50
5.01
0.50
-12.03
565W
10.31
3.33
10.85
5.02
38.34
12.02
2.00
5.00
0.60
-12.03
750W
10.71
3.33
13.85
5.01
53.60
12.00
3.00
5.00
0.80
-12.04

Load regulation rates as excellent.

FSP Hydro G 750W Maximum Load
822W

We managed to reach around 822W before the unit would shut down gracefully. Or another 72 watts over the rated maximum.

Next we want to try Cross Loading. This basically means loads which are not balanced. If a PC for instance needs 500W on the +12V outputs but something like 30W via the combined 3.3V and +5V outputs then the voltage regulation can fluctuate badly.

Cross Load Testing +3.3V +5V +12V -12V +5VSB
A V A V A V A V A V
734W 1.0 3.33 1.0 5.02 60.0 11.96 0.2 -12.02 0.50 5.01
154W 15.0 3.32 15.0 5.00 2.0 12.05 0.2 -12.02 0.50 5.01

The unit passes our Cross Load testing with both +5V and +3.3V rails holding steady. The +12V rail drops to 11.96 when hit with 60 AMPS – but this is a very good result.

We then used an oscilloscope to measure AC ripple and noise present on the DC outputs. We set the oscilloscope time base to check for AC ripple at both high and low ends of the spectrum.

ATX12V V2.2 specification for DC output ripple and noise is defined in the ATX 12V power supply design guide.

ATX12V Ver 2.2 Noise/Ripple Tolerance
Output
Ripple (mV p-p)
+3.3V
50
+5V
50
+12V1
120
+12V2
120
-12V
120
+5VSB
50

Obviously when measuring AC noise and ripple on the DC outputs the cleaner (less recorded) means we have a better end result. We measured this AC signal amplitude to see how closely the unit complied with the ATX standard.

AC Ripple (mV p-p)
DC Load +3.3V +5V +12V 5VSB
75W 5 5 15 5
150W 5 5 15 5
375W 10 10 20 10
565W 10 15 25 15
750W 15 15 30 15

Ripple suppression is very good, and well within the industry tolerance levels. The +3.3V and +5V hit maximum levels of 15mV. The +12V rail peaks at 30mV when delivering the full 750 watts.

Efficiency (%)
75W
87.88
150W
91.28
375W
92.42
565W
91.52
750W
90.89

The power supply delivers great efficiency results, peaking at close to 92.5% at 50% load. This drops to around 91% at full load.

We take the issue of noise very seriously at KitGuru and this is why we have built a special home brew system as a reference point when we test noise levels of various components. Why do this? Well this means we can eliminate secondary noise pollution in the test room and concentrate on components we are testing. It also brings us slightly closer to industry standards, such as DIN 45635.

Today to test the power supply we have taken it into our acoustics room environment and have set our Digital Sound Level Noise Decibel Meter Style 2 one meter away from the unit. We have no other fans running so we can effectively measure just the noise from the unit itself.

As this can be a little confusing for people, here are various dBa ratings in with real world situations to help describe the various levels.

KitGuru noise guide
10dBA – Normal Breathing/Rustling Leaves
20-25dBA – Whisper
30dBA – High Quality Computer fan
40dBA – A Bubbling Brook, or a Refrigerator
50dBA – Normal Conversation
60dBA – Laughter
70dBA – Vacuum Cleaner or Hairdryer
80dBA – City Traffic or a Garbage Disposal
90dBA – Motorcycle or Lawnmower
100dBA – MP3 Player at maximum output
110dBA – Orchestra
120dBA – Front row rock concert/Jet Engine
130dBA – Threshold of Pain
140dBA – Military Jet takeoff/Gunshot (close range)
160dBA – Instant Perforation of eardrum

Noise (dBA)
75W
<28.0
150W
<28.0
375W
30.4
565W
32.7
750W 35.9

At 350 watts demand the large fan starts to spin up a little, hitting a noise rating at just over 30 dBa. As the last 250 watts are demanded the fan spins up with a maximum measurement of just under 36dBa in our tests. Interestingly FSP rate the maximum noise from the fan in this unit at 40dBa under full load but our own test ratings fall some way short of their claims.

This is not a silent power supply by any stretch of the imagination, but it is relatively quiet unless you are running at a full 750watt load all the time. To be perfectly honest if you need a constant 750 watt when gaming you should really be looking at a 1000/1250 watt unit – you don’t want to be running a power supply at full capacity for sustained periods of time.

Temperature (c)
Intake
Exhaust
75W
36
39
150W
38
46
375W
39
48
565W
45
54
750W
47
58

The large 135mm fan cools very well, holding temperatures well inside the ‘safe’ zone.

Maximum load
Efficiency
822W
89.78

For those interested, we measured efficiency when stressing the unit to breaking point. 89.78 percent efficiency at 833W … hardly practical, but interesting regardless.

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